Social Moral Cultural and Social Education

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SMSC and Fundamental British Values at Casterton College

Spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) education helps children and young people to develop personal qualities, which are valued in a civilised society. It is promoted across the curriculum and throughout school life, and is linked to our school aims and philosophy.

In our latest Ofsted inspection (Nov 2014) the report stated “the spiritual, social, moral and cultural development of students is strong”.

What is SMSC?

Spiritual development is the development of the non-material element of a human being which animates and sustains us and, depending on our point of view, either ends or continues in some form when we die. It is about the development of a sense of identity, self-worth, personal insight, meaning and purpose. It is about the development of a student’s ‘spirit’. Some people may call it the development of a student’s ‘soul’; others as the development of ‘personality’ or ‘character’. The spiritual development of any individual is absolutely their own. It is not possible to dictate or define when and where the spiritual growth will occur. However, this does not mean that there is no active part that the College can play in assisting it.

Moral development is about the building, by students, of a framework of moral values which regulates their personal behaviour. It is also about the development of students’ understanding of society’s shared and agreed values. It is about understanding that there are issues where there is disagreement and it is also about understanding that society’s values change. Moral development is about gaining an understanding of the range of views and the reasons for the range. It is also about developing an opinion about the different views.

Social development is about young people working effectively with each other and participating successfully in the community as a whole. It is about the working together. It is about functioning effectively in a multi-racial, multicultural society. It involves growth in knowledge and understanding of society, society’s institutions, structures and characteristics, economic and political principles and organisations, roles and responsibilities and life as a citizen, parent or worker in a community. It also involves the development of the interpersonal skills necessary for successful relationships.

Cultural development is about students’ understanding their own culture and other cultures in their town, region and in the country as a whole. It is about understanding cultures represented in Europe and elsewhere in the world. It is about understanding and feeling comfortable in a variety of cultures and being able to operate in the emerging world culture of shared experiences provided by television, travel and the internet. It is about understanding that cultures are always changing and coping with change. Promoting pupils’ cultural development is intimately linked with schools’ attempts to value cultural diversity and prevent racism.

Casterton College Rutland promotes the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of our students through a variety of ways.  In summary, we aim to provide:

  • A balanced and rich curriculum. Students are encouraged to engage with the wider world and think about their place within it;
  • Opportunities for Students to actively engage with the democratic process, for example School Councilors playing a part in decision making at school;
  • A PSHE curriculum which enables Students to discuss issues beyond academic study, and which equips them with life skills;
  • Enrichment across the whole school which includes sporting, academic, musical, and other cultural opportunities.


What are Fundamental British Values?

According to Ofsted, 'fundamental British values' are:


•the rule of law

•individual liberty

•mutual respect for and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs and for those without faith.


At Casterton College Rutland, through our provision for SMSC, we also ensure the promotion of fundamental British Values is fully embedded in the school ethos and curriculum.  In summary, we aim to:

• Enable students to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and self-confidence;

• Enable students to distinguish right from wrong and to respect the civil and criminal law of England;

• Encourage students to accept responsibility for their behaviour, show initiative, understand how they can contribute positively to the lives of those living and working in the locality of the school, and to society more widely;

• Enable students to acquire a broad general knowledge of, and respect for, public institutions and services in England;

• Enhance tolerance and harmony between different cultural traditions by enabling students to acquire an appreciation of, and respect for, their own and other cultures;

• Encourage respect for other people; and

• Encourage respect for democracy and support for participation in the democratic processes, including respect for the basis on which the law is made and applied in England.


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